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miércoles, 13 de diciembre de 2017

Sancta Lucia


ENGLISH:

St. Lucy's history has been lost and all we really know for certain is that this brave woman who lived in Syracuse lost her life during the persecution of Christians in the early fourth century. Her veneration spread to Rome so that by the sixth century the whole Church recognized her courage in defense of the faith.
Because people wanted to shed light on Lucy's bravery, legends began to crop up. The one that has passed the test of time tells the story of a young Christian woman who vowed to live her life in service of Christ. Her mother tried to arrange a marriage for her with a pagan and Lucy knew her mother could not be swayed by a young girl's vow, so she devised a plan to convince her mother that Christ was the better partner for life.
After several prayers at the tomb of Saint Agatha, Lucy saw the saint in a dream. St. Agatha told Lucy her mother's illness would be cured through faith, which Lucy used to persuade her mother to give the dowry money to the poor and allow her to commit her life to God.
While Lucy and her mother were grateful to God, the rejected bridegroom was deeply angered and betrayed Lucy's faith to the governor Paschasius. The governor attempted to force her into defilement at a brothel, but the guards who came to take her away were unable to move her, even after hitching her to a team of oxen.

The guards heaped bundles of wood around her but it wouldn't burn so they finally resorted to their swords, and Lucy met her death.
Though details of her life remain unknown, it is widely known that during her lifetime Christians were persecuted for their faith. They were forced to endure horrific torture and often met painful ends during Diocletian's reign. Though the details surrounding her death remain only as legends, it is all modern-day Christians can rely on.
Lucy's legend did not end with her death. According to later accounts, Lucy warned Paschasius he would be punished. When the governor heard this he ordered the guards to gouge out her eyes; however, in another telling, it was Lucy who removed her eyes in an attempt to discourage a persistent suitor who greatly admired them.
When her body was being prepared for burial, they discovered her eyes had been restored.
Sigebert (1030-1112), a monk of Gembloux, wrote sermo de Sancta Lucia, in which he described Lucy's body as remaining undisturbed in Sicily for 400 years until Faroald II, Duke of Spoleto, seized the island and transferred Lucy's remains to Abruzzo, Italy. It was later removed by Emperor Otho I in 972 to Metz and left in the church of St. Vincent. There is much confusion about what happened to her body after its stay at St. Vincent's, but it is believed that several pieces of her body can be found in Rome, Naples, Verona, Lisbon, Milan, Germany, France and Sweden.
In 1981, thieves stole all but her head but police were able to recover them on her feast day.
Lucy, whose name can mean "light" or "lucid," is the patron saint of the blind. She is often seen with the emblem of eyes on a cup or plate. In paintings, she is often depicted with a golden plate holding her eyes and often holds a palm branch, which is a symbol of victory over evil.

Saint Lucy's Prayer: 
Saint Lucy, you did not hide your light under a basket, but let it shine for the whole world, for all the centuries to see. We may not suffer torture in our lives the way you did, but we are still called to let the light of our Christianity illumine our daily lives. Please help us to have the courage to bring our Christianity into our work, our recreation, our relationships, our conversation -- every corner of our day. Amen

For further information visit:  mostholyfamilymonastery.com

ESPAÑOL:

La historia de Santa Lucía se ha perdido y lo único que sabemos con certeza es que esta valiente mujer que vivía en Siracusa perdió la vida durante la persecución de los cristianos a principios del siglo IV. Su veneración se extendió a Roma para que en el siglo VI toda la Iglesia reconociera su coraje en defensa de la fe. Debido a que la gente quería arrojar luz sobre la valentía de Lucía, las leyendas comenzaron a surgir. El que ha pasado la prueba del tiempo cuenta la historia de una joven cristiana que juró vivir su vida al servicio de Cristo. Su madre intentó arreglar un matrimonio para ella con un pagano y Lucía sabía que su madre no podía ser influenciada por el voto de una joven, así que ideó un plan para convencer a su madre de que Cristo era el mejor compañero de por vida. Después de varias oraciones en la tumba de Santa Águeda, Lucía vio a la santa en un sueño. Santa Águeda le dijo a Lucía que la enfermedad de su madre se curaría mediante la fe, que Lucía usó para persuadir a su madre de que diera el dinero de la dote a los pobres y le permitiera entregar su vida a Dios. Mientras Lucía y su madre estaban agradecidas a Dios, el novio rechazado estaba profundamente enojado y denunció la fe de Lucía al gobernador Pascasio. El gobernador intentó forzarla a la impureza en un burdel, pero los guardias que vinieron a llevársela no pudieron moverla, incluso después de atarla a una yunta de bueyes.

Los guardias apilaban fardos de madera a su alrededor pero no se quemaban, así que finalmente recurrieron a sus espadas, y Lucía se encontró con su muerte. Aunque los detalles de su vida permanecen desconocidos, es ampliamente conocido que durante su vida los cristianos fueron perseguidos por su fe. Fueron forzados a soportar horribles torturas y con frecuencia encontraron extremos dolorosos durante el reinado de Diocleciano. Aunque los detalles que rodean su muerte permanecen solo como leyendas, es todo en lo que los cristianos modernos pueden confiar. La leyenda de Lucy no terminó con su muerte. Según relatos posteriores, Lucía le advirtió a Pascasio que sería castigado. Cuando el gobernador oyó esto, ordenó a los guardias que le arrancaran los ojos. Sin embargo, en otra narración, fue Lucía quien le quitó los ojos en un intento de desalentar a un pretendiente persistente que los admiraba mucho. Cuando su cuerpo estaba siendo preparado para el entierro, descubrieron que sus ojos habían sido restaurados. Sigebert (1030-1112), un monje de Gembloux, escribió el sermo de Sancta Lucía, en el que describió el cuerpo de Lucy como permaneciendo sin perturbaciones en Sicilia durante 400 años hasta que Faroald II, duque de Spoleto, tomó la isla y transfirió los restos de Lucy a Abruzzo, Italia. Más tarde fue removido por el Emperador Otón I en 972 a Metz y dejado en la iglesia de San Vicente. Hay mucha confusión sobre lo que le sucedió a su cuerpo después de su estadía en la Iglesia de San Vicente, pero se cree que varias piezas de su cuerpo se pueden encontrar en Roma, Nápoles, Verona, Lisboa, Milán, Alemania, Francia y Suecia. En 1981, ladrones robaron todos menos su cabeza, pero la policía pudo recuperarlos en su día de fiesta. Lucía, cuyo nombre puede significar "liviano" o "lúcido", es el santo patrón de los ciegos. A menudo se la ve con el emblema de los ojos en una taza o plato. En las pinturas, a menudo se la representa con un plato dorado que sostiene sus ojos y con frecuencia sostiene una rama de palma, que es un símbolo de la victoria sobre el mal.

Oración a Santa Lucía:
Santa Lucía, no escondiste tu luz debajo de una canasta, sino que dejaste que brille por todo el mundo, por todos los siglos para ver. Puede que no suframos torturas en nuestras vidas de la manera en que lo hiciste, pero todavía estamos llamados a dejar que la luz de nuestro cristianismo ilumine nuestras vidas diarias. Por favor ayúdanos a tener el coraje de llevar nuestro cristianismo a nuestras obras, nuestras recreaciones, nuestras relaciones, nuestras conversaciones, en cada rincón de nuestros días. Amén

Para más información visite: vaticanocatolico.com

martes, 12 de diciembre de 2017

聖ルチアおとめ殉教者


 さらに詳しくはcatholickyokai.com    

記念日 12月13日

 聖ルチアは初代キリスト教会の偉大な殉教童貞であって、聖アガタ、聖アグネス、聖セシリアなどと共にミサ典文にも諸聖人の連祷にもその名を記されている。ルチアとは「光明」という意味であるから、実際聖会の光となった彼女に、最も相応しい名前ということが出来よう。
 彼女は前後300年間の長きに亘ったローマ帝国のキリスト教迫害末期シシリー島のシラクサで生まれ、ディオゥレチアノ皇帝の御代壮烈な死を遂げた。両親はいずれもカトリック信者で、彼女を手中の珠といつくしみ育てたが、父は早く世を去ったので、母オイチキアは娘の身を堅めようと、折柄申し込みのあった某貴族の縁談を承諾した。然るにルチアは既に天主に身を献げ、終生童貞を守る誓願を立てていたから、これを聞いて大いに当惑したものの、その事を打ち明けては母の心を苦しめるばかりと一人小さい胸に案じ煩い窃かに天主の御配慮を希っていた。
 所が間もなく母が病気に罹り、一進一退なかなか快復しなかった。すると親切な近所の人が、50年ほど前に殉職した聖女アガタの墓では、よく奇跡的に病人が治るから、貴女も参詣してその御取り次ぎを願って見てはどうかと勧めてくれたので、彼女もその気になり、娘ルチアに付き添われて同聖女の墓参りをし、共々熱心に祈った所、なるほどさしもの難病もたちまち薄紙を剥ぐように全快してしまった。伝説によれば、その時聖アガタがルチアに現れ、「貴方は自分で天主様にお願いして母上の病気を治すことが出来るのに、どうして私に取り次ぎを求めたのです?」と言ったとの事である。
 さてルチア母子はこの奇蹟に一方ならず打ち喜び、天主や聖女に心からの感謝を献げたが、ルチアは今こそ日頃の秘密を打ち明ける絶好の機会と、「この御恩報じに何かよい事をせねばならぬと思いますが、実は私、もう余程前から終生童貞を守る誓願を立てておりますので、その通り一生を送りたいと思います」と話した。母はこの言葉に一時は大いに驚いたけれど、根が信仰の篤い人だけに、やがて快く娘の望みを許したが、ただ結婚の為の財産を今すぐ貧民に施そうというルチアの考えには反対して、臨終に遺言して死後これを寄付するがよいと勧めた。しかし超自然の光に心を照らされたルチアは「それでも善業は死んでからするより活きている中にする方が天主の聖旨にも適い、功徳にもなると思います」と言い張って遂に母を納得させ、嫁入り仕度の財産をことごとく貧しい人々に分け与えたのであった。
 ルチアを貰うつもりであったかの貴族は、この事を聞いて大いに怒り、彼女がカトリック信者であることをパスカシオという知事に密告したから、彼はすぐさまルチアを裁判所に拘引させ、その信仰を棄てるように命令したが、もちろんそれに屈服するような彼女ではない、正々堂々と道理を説き断固としてこれを拒絶したから、知事は「こざかしいことを申す女だ。よし、それでは責め道具を用いてやろう。そうすれば如何なその方も恐れ入るであろう」と威嚇した。そしてルチアがそれに対し、主は私共が裁判所に引かれたような場合、どう答え、何を言ったらよいかと心配してはいけない、言うべき事はその時になって心に住み給う聖霊が必ず教えてくださるから、と仰せになりました。それですから私は返答に困ることは決してありません」と言うや、知事は嘲弄の語気で尋ねるよう「ではお前の心にも、その聖霊とやらが住んでいるというのか?」「はい、聖い信仰を持っている純潔な人は誰でも聖霊の聖殿です」「それならその方の貞操を奪い、その聖殿を打ち壊してやろう」
 かくてパスカシオは意地になって、ルチアを屈服せしむべく、配下に命じて之を魔窟に連れ行かせようとした。所が彼女が天を仰いで主の御加護を求めると、その身体は急に盤石の如く重くなり、屈強の者共が五、六人がかりで押しても引いてもびくともせぬばかりか、遂には牛に引かせてさえその場を一寸も動かすことが出来なかった。で、パスカシオは業を煮やし、今度は周囲に薪を積み、之を火炙りにしようとしたが、不思議や火にも焼けない。ほとほと困り果てた揚げ句斬罪に行わしめたが、ルチアは剣で首を刺されてもなお数時間活き存え、その間に御聖体を拝領し、聖主を胸に抱きしめ、聖なる一致の法悦の中に幸福な死を遂げたのであった。


教訓
 聖女ルチアの母が奇跡的に病癒えた感謝に娘の終生童貞を守る決心を許したのは、彼女も報恩の念篤い婦人であったからである。我等も日頃天主から数々御恵みを蒙っているが、果たして之を心底から有難いと思い、及ばずながらそれに報いようという志を有しているであろうか。省みてルチア母子に倣う所がなければならぬ。

カトリック教会の外には絶対に救いがありません

The Miraculous Image of Our Lady of Guadalupe

Taken from: mostholyfamilymonastery.com

Many are familiar with the miraculous image of Our Lady of Guadalupe.  This miraculous image appeared on the tilma of Juan Diego shortly after he saw Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico in 1531.  When the image of Our Lady was miraculously imprinted on the cloth it became a large reason for the conversion of more than 5 million to the Catholic Faith.  When the people heard about and saw the image, “the whole city was shaken by the event and so the Lord Bishop transferred the beloved Image of the Girl from heaven to the main church.  She [the image] was taken from his private chapel to where everyone could see and wonder at her beloved figure.  People came to acknowledge the divine [miraculous/supernatural] character of the ayate [the tilma].” (Francis Anson, Guadalupe – What Her Eyes Say, p. 53)
Many are also familiar with the miraculous aspects of the eyes of the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe.   A close examination of the eyes of the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe has revealed many miraculous features, including a microscopic image of a bearded man that can be seen within the eye of Our Lady.  This is covered on our Creation and Miracles DVD.  But it gets even more incredible.  When a person looks at an image, the way that the eye works is that three different aspects of what one sees are contained in three different parts of the eye.  This law, which was discovered by Purkinje and Samson, is called the Samson-Purkinje law:
“The Polish Purkinje and the Frenchman Samson, independently discovered this law that carries their names.  Three images are formed in the human eye: one upright and brilliant in the anterior part of the cornea; a second one, seen deeper in the anterior part of the crystalline lens, is also upright but less brilliant; and the third one, in the posterior surface of the crystalline lens, is inverted, smaller, and with an immediate depth and brilliancy…” (Francis Anson, Guadalupe – What Her Eyes Say, p. 108)
Well, the microscopic image of the “bearded man” that can be seen within the eye of the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe follows this law precisely:
“We are also talking of another impossible phenomenon: the image of the ‘bearded man’ appears three times in the eyes of the ayate [the tilma of Juan Diego], following the laws of Samson-Purkinje with mathematical precision.  One image, four millimeters high and one millimeter wide, upright and brilliant, seems to come out of the cloth; a second one, of the same size, the deepest one and the least brilliant, can be perfectly distinguished at the bottom of the eye; and a third one, hardly a millimeter high, is located halfway between the other two and is inverted and displaced toward the left, as it happens in a living human eye… but this is just a piece of cloth.” (Francis Anson, Guadalupe – What Her Eyes Say, p. 109)
Obviously, the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe is not a painting.  It’s a miraculous image of Our Lady which God and Our Lady miraculously imprinted on Juan Diego’s tilma. 
The significance of the discovery of the bearded man in the eye of the image is that Our Lady was looking at the bearded man, Juan Diego, when the image was imprinted on the cloth.  That’s why his image appears three times in her eye just as it would in a living eye!  Other aspects of the eyes show that they are like living eyes.  It makes sense that heaven would leave the world with one miraculous and true image of Our Lord on a cloth (the Shroud of Turin) and one miraculous and true image of Our Lady on a cloth (the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe).


 I want to talk about the miraculous image of Our Lady of Guadalupe. On December 12, 1531, the miraculous image of the Virgin of Guadalupe appeared for the first time. According to the story, an Indian named Juan Diego was visited several times by the Virgin Mary. She told him to go to the bishop to build a chapel. However, the bishop did not believe Juan Diego. The bishop asked Juan Diego to tell the Virgin to give him a sign as proof that it was indeed the Mother of God who appeared to him. In response, the Virgin told Juan Diego that he would gather some roses and put them on his tilma to present them to the bishop. As soon as he did, the roses fell to the ground and the image of Guadalupe was miraculously printed on his tilma. It still exists to this day, 481 years later and can be visited in Mexico.

La Imagen Milagrosa de Guadalupe
I want to talk about the miraculous image of Our Lady of Guadalupe. On December 12, 1531, the miraculous image of the Virgin of Guadalupe appeared for the first time. According to the story, an Indian named Juan Diego was visited several times by the Virgin Mary. She told him to go to the bishop to build a chapel. However, the bishop did not believe Juan Diego. The bishop asked Juan Diego to tell the Virgin to give him a sign as proof that it was indeed the Mother of God who appeared to him. In response, the Virgin told Juan Diego that he would gather some roses and put them on his tilma to present them to the bishop.
El obispo Zumárraga y la Imagen Milagrosa de Guadalupe
As soon as he did, the roses fell to the ground and the image of Guadalupe was miraculously printed on his tilma. It still exists to this day, 481 years later and can be visited in Mexico. The first miraculous aspect of the image that I want to discuss is the fact that there is no sketch or drawing under the image. Infrared photography has shown that there is no sketch of the image of Guadalupe. This is a miracle, because as explained by Dr. Phillip Callahan, a biophysics researcher at the University of Florida, "it is inconceivable that a 16th century artist could have painted a portrait without first making a sketch of it." Sketching before painting a portrait goes back to antiquity. Therefore, the fact that there is such a delicate image with such precise details and characteristics, as well as appearing on a rough cactus fiber, is inexplicable when taken into account that it does not have a sketch.
La Imagen de Guadalupe no tiene un bosquejo
A next miraculous aspect of the image of Guadalupe that I want to discuss is about its resistance. The tilma is made of a rough cactus fiber. This type of fabric normally disintegrates between 15 to 30 years, however the image of Guadalupe is now remaining for 481 years without any crack of fading or even slits in the face or in the main image. This is a miracle. This is even more extraordinary when one considers that the image has been exposed to candle smoke for many years, something that would accelerate the deterioration process. In fact, there have been attempts to imitate the image of Guadalupe, but they have failed.

"A famous example was that of an opponent to the appearance of name José Ignacio Bartolache ... In order to try to discredit the miraculous nature of the image, he made an exact copy in a burlap material and with great announcement they hung it in the chapel built where the Virgin Mary appeared. However, at age 7, the painting became so discolored that it was difficult to see it so that on June 8, 1796, it was silently placed in the sacristy. "

This quote is taken from the book "Mother for a New World: Our Lady of Guadalupe" [Mother for a New World: Our Lady of Guadalupe], by Brother Herbert Leie, page 394. Then, there have been attempts to reproduce imitations of the image but they have failed miserably. With respect to the miraculous resistance of the image, the following quote is relevant. It comes from the aforementioned Dr. Phillip Callahan, he points out that:

"The mantilla is a dark turquoise blue. This presents us with an inexplicable phenomenon because all these pigments are known to be subject to discoloration, especially in temperate climates. The wall paintings of the Mayan Indians are very discolored. The blue cloak of the tilma of Guadalupe, however, is bright enough as if it had been painted a week ago. "

So the colors are miraculously fresh and bright. There is also another incredible fact:

"In 1778, a considerable amount of nitric acid was spilled on the image of Guadalupe. The worker fled in terror thinking he had seriously damaged the most precious treasure of his country, but, to everyone's astonishment, only slight spots appeared that can still be seen in the upper right corner ".


This quote comes from the book "The Tilma and its miraculous image: a handbook on Guadalupe" [TheTilma and Its Miraculous Image: a manual on Guadalupe], by Janet Barber, pages 61 through 62.
La Imagen Milagrosa de Guadalupe

There is also the fact that in 1921 a bomb was hidden among some flowers that were placed on the altar under the image of Guadalupe. The bomb exploded and severely damaged a crucifix, however, the glass that contains the image of Guadalupe miraculously did not suffer any damage.


Una bomba dañó crucifijo pero no la imagen de Guadalupe

Another miraculous aspect of the image is about the stars. Some people have concluded that the stars, as well as the rays of the sun and the moon, were added and that the original image was simpler. Dr. Phillip Callahan is someone who holds this opinion. He still believes that the image is miraculous, but that the original image was simpler. I think he is wrong on this point for two reasons. In the first place, Dr. Juan Homero Hernández and Fr. Mario Rojas Sánchez discovered in 1983 that the stars in the image correspond exactly to the constellations of the winter sky of December 12, 1531.
What is very interesting is that the constellations appear as seen from outside the heavens, in other words, they look the other way. It is as if we had an image of someone looking from outside the universe. It is a picture of heaven and earth, from the moment when Juan Diego saw the Virgin. That becomes even more surprising when one considers that the flowers in Our Lady's tunic correspond to the volcanoes in Mexico. This is discussed in detail on page 77 of the book "Handbook of Guadalupe," published by the Academy of the Immaculate. In other words, the inner part of the miraculous image, which has many facets in its way of instructing and causing admiration, represents the earth, and the turquoise mantle on the outside with the stars of the constellations miraculously represent the sky. It is an image of the encounter between heaven and earth when the Virgin appeared to Juan Diego on December 12, 1531; miraculously captured and still present in a cactus fiber, almost 500 years later.
Las estrellas en la imagen de Guadalupe
But what is even more surprising is that the stars only appear on the mantle of the image and not on the tunic, and as I said, the stars that appear correspond to the constellations in the sky on the day of December 12, 1531. But if people superimposed the image of Our Lady to that day's sky, it would coincide with the stars where they would appear if their tunic had been filled with stars; this makes the miracle even more wonderful. Because the constellation corona-borealis means crown of the north, represents a crown that would appear right on the forehead of Our Lady. That means that Mary has a crown and that she is the queen of heaven. The constellation of Virgo, which means virginal purity, appears over the area of ​​your heart, signifying your immaculate and virginal heart. And the constellation Leo, the lion, appears on his belly. The lion represents Jesus Christ who is the Lion of the tribe of Judah. This means that Christ the King is present in his womb, and there is still more. All this shows us the divine intelligence and certainly infinite that is behind this miraculous production. In addition to all those facts, the second reason why I think Dr. Callahan is wrong to say that the stars were added, is that he says that the stars were added in the seventeenth century. However, we know that this is not true because there is a copy of the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe of 1570 that was used in Lepanto. This image corresponds precisely to the image we now see. This means that if the stars were added, they had to have added them between 1531 to 1570, which is very unlikely. In addition, there is a famous painting of the image of the civil code. This goes back perhaps a few years after the appearance of Our Lady in 1531. And this painting shows the sun's rays and corresponds mostly to the image we have now. All this proves that the stars and the rays of the sun and the moon were part of the original image.
La Imagen Milagrosa de Guadalupe
Some are baffled by the fact that, while the face does not seem to show even a small crack or fading, the rays of the sun, stars and moon show evidence of desquamation. I have an opinion about this and I think that it fits with what we learn in Sacred Scripture regarding the stars and the sun and the moon. We are told in:
Luke 21, 33 "Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away".

Therefore, it makes sense that we see the evidence of the stars, the moon, the rays of the sun in the image vanishing because in reality the heavens will pass, but the Virgin herself and the main image that surrounds her and her face are incorruptible because she will shine forever in paradise. That could be the reason we see evidence of the discoloration of the stars, etc., but not the features or characteristics of the Virgin. The next miraculous aspect that perhaps is the most miraculous feature of all is about the eyes of the image. It is a fact that the image of a man with a beard in the eyes of the Virgin has been discovered. It was first discovered in 1928 and then in 1951, and was subsequently confirmed by modern science and intense research. The image of the man with the beard who has even hair corresponds to the image of Juan Diego, the Indian who originally saw the Virgin. In other words, the image of Juan Diego is captured microscopically in the eyes of the Virgin. Of course, no human painter could even conceive the need to place microscopic images of Juan Diego in the eyes of the Virgin only to be discovered later by the advances of modern science. Furthermore, it is simply impossible for any human painter to do this because the images are clearly too small to be painted. And the presence of these images in the eyes is most wonderful because the images correspond exactly to what happens in the human eye when you are seeing something. Jody Brant Smith, a non-Catholic who studied the image of Guadalupe along with Dr. Callahan, explains:

"Before I could understand the importance of his discovery I needed to know something about the physiology of the human eye. In particular, what is called the Purkinje-sanson principle. In simpler terms, the Purkinje-Sanson law says that when we see something, that something is reflected in each eye. Not only in one place, but in three different places. This triple reflection is caused by the curvature of the cornea of ​​the eye. Two of the reflections are always on the right side and one is always upside down. " This is taken from the book "Not Made by Hands", by Thomas Sennott, page 58.

The reflections of Juan Diego in the eye of the Virgin correspond precisely with the law of Purkinje-Sanson. The multiple reflections are exactly where they would be in a human eye that looks at a person. In fact, the Purkinje-Sanson law shows that, when a human being sees something, due to the different angles of the curvature of the cornea, the different images reflected are apparently distorted to varying degrees and in the images in the eye of the Virgin. of Guadalupe, "there is a perfect placement according to this principle of distortion of the figures, even coinciding with the predicted curvature of the cornea". That is, the images appear exactly where they would appear in a human eye. That means that what we have in the image of Guadalupe that is still fresh today in the coarse cactus fiber is the visual reproduction of that celestial encounter of 1531. And this is true on many levels.
Los ojos milagrosos de la Virgen de Guadalupe
The miraculous image not only captures what Juan Diego saw, she captures the vision of the Virgin and the encounter between heaven and earth with the stars as they appeared in the sky of that day. But also in the microscopic recesses in the eye of the Virgin this incredible image captures exactly what the Virgin saw, in the same way it would be captured in your eye if you saw another person in your room. And there are still more.

"In 1981, Dr. José Tonsmann, a systems engineer, electrified the lovers of María de Guadalupe by announcing that his computerized enlargements of the photos of his eyes had revealed microscopically small figures that he suggests could be Bishop Zumárraga, Juan Diego, the interpreter Juan Gonzales, a black woman, an Indian relative, a small child and a man. "

In other words, this computer engineer, when he revealed the image of the eye, many times discovered the presence of practically a room full of people captured in the eye of the Virgin.

"Dr. Jorge Escalante Padilla, an ophthalmologist surgeon, considers that these reflexes belong to the type that has been described by Sherning on the posterior surface of the cornea and by Vogt and Hess in the center of the lens. Those reflexes are very difficult to detect. Dr. Escalante also reported the discovery of small veins in both eyelids of the image. In the 1970s, a Japanese optician who was examining the eyes fainted. When he recovered he said 'the eyes were alive and they were looking at him' ".


This is quoted in, "the latest scientific findings on the images in the eyes, a manual of Guadalupe" by Janet Barber p. 90 So this Japanese optician fainted because he thought the eyes were human and they were looking at him. We have many people captured microscopically in the recesses of the eye image: this is an undeniable proof that the image is miraculous. Only God can do such a thing.



On the other hand, "ophthalmologists have testified that although the eyes are opaque, both eyes in the image show depth and fill with light when the ophthalmoscope light is pointed inside them. They affirm that it is impossible to paint such reflections in eyes that offer so little space with the Virgin looking down and in a material as coarse as the cloth. " This is from the same source that we just quoted.

The scientific findings about the eyes of the image leave no doubt that the image is of divine origin. And it was created by God to leave to the world an invaluable gift: a photo of that encounter of the Mother of God with Juan Diego.
Dios Padre pintando la imagen de Guadalupe
The next miraculous aspect that I want to discuss refers to the face of the Virgin. It is remarkable that at some distance Our Lady seems to be a Native American, but at another distance she seems to have a lighter skin, and in fact, of European descent. This miraculous characteristic is intended to show the unity of two peoples, who were then gathered together as one in the true faith of Christ, in the new nation that had just got rid of the Aztec diabolic culture. In fact, Dr. Philip Callahan explains that the image manages to produce that effect, of appearing to be of different colors at different distances, only because of a miraculous feature that we see in nature. He says:

"At a distance of 6 or 7 feet, the tone of the skin becomes what might be an 'Indian-olive' tone, a green-gray tone. It seems that in some way the gray and white pastel of the pigment of the face and hands is combined with the surface of the rough cloth. This technique would be an impossible achievement of human hands. However, this often occurs in nature, in the coloring of the feathers of birds, and in the scales of the butterflies and the elytra of the brightly colored beetles. "
 Las escamas de una mariposa monarca
So what he is saying is that this miraculous feature of changing colors at different distances is something we see in the nature of beetles and in the feathers of birds and in the scales of butterflies. And that happens in the tilma and in a miraculous way the pigment combines with the rough surface of the fabric to give it a different effect. However, it remains beautiful and delicate at any distance. This is simply a miracle! And no human artist could have achieved an effect like that. It was created by God, just as he created the scales of butterflies. The next miraculous feature I want to mention concerns temperature. It is remarkable that no matter what the ambient temperature is, the image is maintained at a temperature of 36.5 degrees Celsius or 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit (which is the normal temperature of the human body). This is quoted in Janet Barber, "The Tilma and her Miraculous Image".
La imagen de Guadalupe facilitó la conversión de 9 millones de indios mexicanos
As a result of the miraculous image, 8 to 9 million people were baptized into the Catholic faith in the years following its appearance in 1531. It is also worth mentioning that Martin Luther, who for his rebellion against the Catholic Church and his creation of a new type of false Christianity, gave birth to countless sects that plucked five million people from the Catholic Church, he was born in 1483. Hernán Cortés was born only two years later, in 1485. Hernán Cortés was the man who overthrew the Aztec empire, making possible the miraculous conversion of millions that was facilitated by the image of Guadalupe. The most important event in Luther's life was happening almost exactly at the same time that Hernán Cortés managed to overthrow the Aztec empire. It is as if, at the same moment when millions of people were being torn from the true Church in Europe, God was composing it by introducing twice as many people in the New World. The image of Guadalupe is one of the most prodigious miracles in human history. Maybe God did it in Mexico because the Aztec empire was undoubtedly the most evil culture in human history. He wanted to counteract that level of evil with a greater good. The image testified to the truth of the Catholic faith, because in her message Our Lady addressed the people to the bishop of the Catholic Church of the time and to the traditional Catholic faith: that those who seek the truth and those who love the truth and those who they love Christ, they embrace this message and the only true faith of Jesus Christ, the Catholic faith.
Los mensajes jeroglificos en la imagen de Guadalupe
Another miraculous aspect of the image of Guadalupe refers to the reading of the image:

"The Indians saw something in the image of Our Lady that the Spaniards did not understand. At that time the Indians wrote in hieroglyphics. So for them, the image was a hieroglyphic letter. The fact that the natives read the image is the most important in understanding the purpose of the apparitions of Our Lady. For the Indians the image represented a beautiful lady standing in front of the sun, a sign that to them was greater than Huitzilopochtli, who was associated with the sun and whom they worshiped. The half-moon or moon under her feet showed that her moon god, Tezcatlipoca, was less than nothing, since She was standing on it. The stars they so admired were only a part or a portion of their mantle. In her throat was a brooch with a small black cross in the center, reminding them that this was the emblem of the Spanish friars and that there was one greater than Her. " This comes from Father Herald Rahm, "Am I Not Here", p. 56

As we can see, the intelligence - which built the miraculous image of Guadalupe, which conveyed exactly the message that the Indians needed to hear and see to bury their false notions about God and their idolatrous practices - was infinite and beyond any human can imagine . The reading of the image caused many Indians to abandon their idols and convert to the Catholic faith.

Lea este mismo artículo en Español aquí: La Imágen Milagrosa de La Virgen de Guadalupe


lunes, 11 de diciembre de 2017

グアダルペの聖母マリア



今日の聖人(12月12日)

グアダルペの聖母マリア

 1531年12月9日、メキシコのグアダルペで、ミサに行く途中だった55歳のファン・ディエゴというインディオに、聖母マリアが現れた。
 聖母マリアは、ディエゴに、彼女が出現したこの場所に大聖堂を建設するよう司教に求めるように頼まれた。彼が、このことを司教に話すと、司教は、聖母にそのしるしを残してもらうように言った。12月12日の早朝、再び聖母の出現を受けたディエゴは、聖母にしるしを残してくださるように願った。すると聖母は彼に、バラの花を集めて司教のもとに持って行くように言われた。そこは岩の多い土地で、しかも冬であったためバラなど咲いているはずはなかった。しかし、ディエゴはその言葉に従った。すると、そこには本当に、美しいバラが咲いていた。
 ディエゴは、そのバラを折り、着ていた外套に大切に包んで司教のところに持って行った。司教はそのバラを包んだ外套を見て驚いた。その外套には、美しい聖母の姿が写されていたのである。それは、出現された時と同じ姿であった。
 現在、聖母が出現された丘には、聖母マリアにささげられた美しい大聖堂が建っている。
1754年、グアダルペの聖母マリアは、教皇ベネディクト14世によってメキシコの保護者とされ12月12日にその祝日が定められた。

さらに詳しくはcatholickyokai.com

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jueves, 7 de diciembre de 2017

Immaculata Conceptio Beatae Virginis Mariae (ENGLISH)




December 8th - Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary's Day. 
 -Day of Obligation- 

Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and of the spirit, perfecting sanctification in the fear of God.  2 Corinthians 7: 1 

On the days of obligation, such as the Day of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the faithful must attend Mass. Unfortunately, in these final times of the Great Apostasy, this precept is not mandatory because in the absolute majority of cases, there are no chapels where a 100% Catholic priest officiates Tridentine Mass, even so, a Catholic in these times we can try to avoid servile work (e.g. do not buy or sell, seek to have a free day at work, etc.) and pray a little more than usual (a rosary of 15 decades or more) with which the day will be very profitable and pleasant to God.


EVE WAS CREATED WITHOUT ANY SIN – THE NEW EVE, MARY, ALSO HAD TO BE CREATED WITHOUT ANY SIN (IMMACULATELY CONCEIVED) 

We’ve seen that the Bible indicates that Mary is the new Eve.  So the question is: in what state was the soul of Eve created?  Eve was created in Genesis 2 free from all sin.  The entire creation was perfect until the fall of mankind.  Adam and Eve were both created in a state of original justice.  They didn’t lose that state of original perfection, in which they were free from all sin, until the original sin in Genesis 3.   
If God created the first woman (the first Eve) without any sin, then He could certainly create the second (and greater) Eve (the Blessed Virgin Mary) without any sin.  That’s exactly what He did.  He had to do so as a matter of proportion and justice because she would be the first member of the redeemed humanity.     

DEFINITION OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION
Pope Pius IX proclaiming the dogma of the Immaculate Conception on Diciember 8th, 1854.

Pope Pius IX, Ineffabilis Deus, Dec. 8, 1854- “We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instant of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.” 
Some mistakenly think that the Immaculate Conception refers to the miraculous conception of Jesus in the womb of the Virgin Mary.  That’s not correct.  Jesus was indeed conceived without any sin in the womb of Mary, but the Immaculate Conception refers to the conception of Mary in the womb of her mother.  From the very first instant of her creation, she was preserved from any stain of original sin, which every other member of the human race (except Jesus) inherits. 
God preserved her without sin in view of the saving merits of Jesus Christ.  It was done for Mary because she had to be the uncursed and pure vessel which would carry the all-holy God.  In order to carry infinite holiness, Mary had to be holy from the first instant of her creation.   

JESUS SAVED MARY IN A GREATER WAY 
So, if Mary was preserved from the stain of the original sin, does that mean that she didn’t have a Savior?  No.  Mary answers that herself. 
Luke 1:46-47- “And Mary said, my soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Savior.” 
God saved Mary by preventing her from contracting original sin.  Suppose that a man falls into a deep hole in the forest, but is pulled out by his friend.  It is true to say that the friend saved the man.  Now suppose a man sees a woman walking toward the deep hole, and catches her just before she falls in.  He stops her from falling into the hole in the first place, so that she doesn’t get injured or dirty at all.  Did he save the woman?  Certainly he did.  He saved her in a greater way, by preventing her from falling into the hole and suffering any of the harmful consequences. 
That’s how God saved Mary.  Jesus was her Savior in an even greater way, by preventing her from ever contracting original sin, and by preserving her from sin throughout her life.  He did this for Mary, in view of her unique role.  The sinlessness of Mary is indicated by numerous types in the Bible. 
Some express disbelief at the notion that God would create someone completely free from sin.  They are forgetting that God created the first man and woman without sin.

Taken from: mostholyfamilymonastery.com

Lea este artículo en Español aquí: Immaculata Conceptio Beatae Virginis Mariae (ESPAÑOL)

 
 

無原罪の聖マリア


今日の聖母(12月8日) 

無原罪の聖マリア

 大天使ガブリエルが告げた言葉にもあるように、聖マリアは神の恵みの満ちた方である。また、女性としても、人間としても優しさ、慈悲深さ、忍耐などをそなえた方である。
 無原罪の聖母マリアに対する崇敬は、昔からあった。ピオ9世は、1854年12月8日に「聖マリアの無原罪の宿り」を信仰箇条とした。「人類の救い主キリスト・イエスの功績を考慮して、処女マリアは、全能の神の特別な恩恵と特典によって、その懐胎の最初の瞬間において、原罪のすべての汚れから前もって保護されていた」と荘厳に宣言したのである。
 1858年3月25日には、フランスのルルドで少女ベルナデッタに聖マリアが現われ「わたしは原罪がなくて宿ったものである」と言われた。

さらに詳しくはcatholickyokai.com

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Image may contain: one or more people

miércoles, 6 de diciembre de 2017

St. Nicholas - San Nicolás


 ENGLISH: 
visit: mostholyfamilymonastery.com 

Saint Nicholas (Greek: Ἅγιος Νικόλαος, Hágios Nikólaos, Latin: Sanctus Nicolaus); (15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.
Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker (Νικόλαος ὁ Θαυματουργός, Nikólaos ho Thaumaturgós). Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, repentant thieves, children, brewers, pawnbrokers and students in various cities and countries around Europe. His reputation evolved among the faithful, as was common for early Christian saints.
The historical Saint Nicholas was born at Patara, Lycia in Asia Minor (now Turkey). In his youth he made a pilgrimage to Egypt and the Palestine area. Shortly after his return he became Bishop of Myra and was later cast into prison during the persecution of Diocletian. He was released after the accession of Constantine and was present at the Council of Nicaea. According to Western Christian tradition, Italian merchants took his body to Italy in 1087.

Life: St. Nicholas was born in Asia Minor (Greek Anatolia in present-day Turkey) in the Roman Empire, to a Greek family during the third century in the city of Patara (Lycia et Pamphylia), a port on the Mediterranean Sea. He lived in Myra, Lycia  (part of modern-day Demre), at a time when the region was Greek in its heritage, culture, and outlook and politically part of the Roman diocese of Asia.
In 325, he was one of many bishops to answer the request of Constantine and appear at the First Council of Nicaea; the 151st attendee was listed as "Nicholas of Myra of Lycia". There, Nicholas was a staunch anti-Arian, defender of the Orthodox Christian position, and one of the bishops who signed the Nicene Creed. Tradition has it that he became so angry with the heretic Arius during the Council that he struck him in the face.

NOTE: Do not confuse him with the hoax of Santa Claus  
 Read also: The Catholic Meaning of Christmas

ESPAÑOL:
visite: vaticanocatolico.com 

San Nicolás (griego: Ἅγιος Νικόλαος, Hágios Nikólaos, latín: Sanctus Nicolaus); (15 de marzo de 270 - 6 de diciembre de 343), también llamado Nikolaos de Myra o San Nicolás de Bari (en Occidente, por el lugar donde fueron trasladados sus restos) fue un obispo que vivió en el siglo IV. Más de dos mil templos están dedicados a él en todo el mundo. Fue obispo de Myra, en Asia Menor (hoy en día Demre, Turquía), y es un santo cristiano histórico. Debido a los muchos milagros atribuidos a su intercesión, también es conocido como Nikolaos el Hacedor de Milagros (Νικόλαος ὁ υαυματουργός, Nikólaos ho Thaumaturgós). San Nicolás es el santo patrón de los marineros, mercaderes, arqueros, ladrones arrepentidos, niños, cerveceros, prestamistas y estudiantes en diversas ciudades y países de Europa. Su reputación evolucionó entre los fieles, como era común para los primeros santos cristianos. El histórico San Nicolás nació en Patara, Licia en Asia Menor (ahora Turquía). En su juventud hizo una peregrinación a Egipto y al área de Palestina. Poco después de su regreso, se convirtió en obispo de Myra y luego fue encarcelado durante la persecución de Diocleciano. Fue liberado después del acceso de Constantino y estuvo presente en el Concilio de Nicea. Según la tradición cristiana occidental, los mercaderes italianos llevaron su cuerpo a Italia en 1087.

Vida: San Nicolás nació en Asia Menor (Anatolia griega en la actual Turquía) en el Imperio Romano, en una familia griega durante el siglo III en la ciudad de Patara (Lycia et Pamphylia), un puerto en el Mar Mediterráneo. Vivió en Myra, Lycia (parte de la actual Demre), en un momento en que la región era griega en su herencia, cultura y perspectivas, y políticamente parte de la diócesis romana de Asia. En 325, fue uno de los muchos obispos que respondieron al pedido de Constantino y se presentaron en el Primer Concilio de Nicea; el asistente 151 fue incluido en la lista como "Nicolás de Myra de Licia". Allí, Nicolás era un firme anti-arriano, defensor de la posición cristiana ortodoxa, y uno de los obispos que firmaron el Credo de Nicea. La tradición dice que se enojó tanto con el hereje Arrio durante el Concilio que lo golpeó en la cara.

ADVERTENCIA: No confundir con la farsa de Santa Claus o Papá Noel.
Lea también: El Sentido Católico de la Navidad

martes, 5 de diciembre de 2017

聖ニコラオ司教


今日の聖人(12月6日)

聖ニコラオ司教

270年-343年

 ニコラオは。 小アジアのパタラの財産家の家庭に生まれ、信仰深い両親に育てられて、知恵にも行ないにも優れた人になった。両親が亡くなって、莫大な遺産を相続したが、優しいニコラオはそれを貧しい人びとのために使おうと決心した。
 司祭になったニコラオは、エーゲ海に面したミーラで宣教した。ミーラの町の飢饉を何度も救い、また信仰の面でも優れた保護者であった。貧しい靴職人のため娘3人の結婚を援助するなど、人びとを愛し、困っている人を見るとすぐ助けた彼は、人びとに推されて司教になった。
 ローマ皇帝ディオクレチアヌスのキリスト教迫害時代には信徒たちとともに投獄されたが、313年、コンスタンティヌス大帝が信教の自由の勅令を発布したことによって、ニコラオらは釈放された。そして教会の復興にとりかかり、また325年にはニケア公会議に出席し、アリウス派の異端と戦うなど亡くなるまで、教会と人びとのために生涯をささげた。
 彼の遺体はミラノ大聖堂に葬られ、そこは巡礼の中心地となった。1087年、東ローマ帝国に侵入したイスラムの破壊から守るため、遺体はイタリアのバリ市に移され大聖堂が建てられた。
 12世紀から、ヨーロッパ、とくにスイス、フランス、ドイツ、オランダでは聖ニコラオの祝日である12月6日が子どものための祝日となった。かつてニコラオが助けた3人の娘の話がもとになって、聖人の祝日の前夜、子どもにそっとプレゼントをする習慣が始まったのである。

さらに詳しくはcatholickyokai.com 

 カトリック教会の外には絶対に救いがありません

domingo, 3 de diciembre de 2017

Adventus: Panis Angelicus



visit: mostholyfamilymonastery.com

visite: vaticanocatolico.com


Panis angelicus
Fit panis hominum
Dat panis coelicus
Figuris terminum
O res mirabilis
Manducat dominum
Pauper, pauper
Servus et humilis
Pauper, pauper
Servus et humilis
Panis angelicus
Fit panis hominum
Dat panis coelicus
Figuris terminum
O res mirabilis
Manducat dominum
Pauper, pauper
Servus et humilis
Pauper, pauper
Servus, servus et humilis


Read also / lea también: Adventus

viernes, 1 de diciembre de 2017

聖ビビアナおとめ殉教者

今日の聖人(12月2日)

聖ビビアナおとめ殉教者

4世紀

 日ごろからキリスト教に反感を抱いていたローマの総督アプロニアヌスは、あるとき、事故で片目を失ったことをキリスト信徒の責任にしようとした。そのため、キリスト信徒であった前の総督フラビアヌスと妻を捕え、財産もすべて没収した。フラビアヌスは顔を焼かれ、妻は斬首の刑を受けた。彼らには、2人の娘ビビアナとデメトリアがおり、困難な中にあっても信仰を守っていた。この様子を知ったアプロニアヌスは、激怒して2人を裁判にかけ、最初に信仰を宣言したデメトリアが死刑に処せられた。ビビアナも棄教するように説得されたが、信仰を守りとおしたために死刑となった。

さらに詳しくはcatholickyokai.com

カトリック教会の外には絶対に救いがありません
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